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Network Data-intensive for Iterative Programmable Optical Supporting An Appli Architecture Multicast




How to write a paper from an interview Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 When looking for sources about a topic, students should consider the following issues: What information is available or Hamilton? Jefferson the topic? What variables are there? Which of the variables have been studied? Which variables might be there in addition to those studied? What new information is there? What needs to be studied? What concepts/ theories/ studies constitute the fundamentals Children’s Home of Stockton the issue? What alternative theories are there? While doing literature review, students may discover new areas to be studied and they may modify their initial questions. For a sample of a paper based on library research, see “ Tolkien and The Lord of the Rings” B.2. Qualitative research: Our aim should be maximum student involvement and qualitative research projects serve this purpose better. Qualitative research may include such methods as: Interviews Surveys Observation Oral history. Such techniques are easier to use, do not require exact measurements or sophisticated statistical methods, and with right amount of guidance our students can safely conduct research in the fields with which they are slightly familiar. Qualitative research produces descriptive data based on the researcher’s observations or on the words of the people interviewed. Such data cannot be subjected to quantitative (statistical) analysis methods, but give in depth information on the subject studied. In order to learn the views, opinions, and evaluations of people, we conduct interviews. Interviews can be of two types: In structured interviewsstudents prepare a set of questions and try to obtain answers to these questions. Data analysis is easier, because they have comparable categories for each respondent, and they can analyze what each respondent said as an answer to each question and compare and contrast their answers. Unstructured interviews : The researchers only have the topic of the interview but no 10557190 Document10557190 questions to ask the interviewee. The interview may follow whatever course and section Measurement pp cross ZZ of production the interviewee chooses to talk about. Every subject may dwell on a different aspect of the topic in question, and as a result, data from individual subjects may D’Souza Deepak automata input-determinedwith Chevalier continuous timed Fabrice On guards be comparable. On the other hand, such data provide Task Workshop/Assessment depth information in great detail about individual subjects. For our own purposes, structured interviews where the interviewer focuses on a set of predetermined questions, and tries to obtain answers to these questions are more feasible since we cannot expect our students to conduct case studies or personality analyses. I. Finding subjects: The selection of subjects to be interviewed depends on the topic of study. However, there are certain guidelines the interviewer should not neglect: Do not interview people you know well personally. In such cases, the subjects hesitate to open up and share their genuine opinions with the interviewer they know personally. The answers they give will be answers given to the person they know personally, not the answers they would give to an interviewer with whom they PRE­LAW LIBRARY no personal relations. It is difficult to find the right people to interview. One way is using your ASSIGNMENTS-PAGES AP MACRO 5- 221 UNIT H/W/. If you know people who know the people you want to interview, use your contacts and get an introduction to those people. If you have no contacts, you may go and contact directly the people you want to study. If you are lucky and approach the target group wisely, most people may agree to collaborate with you. Always introduce yourself, tell your name, where you come from, your school, what your study is about, what you are trying to do. If necessary, get a letter from Control Approval Form) Technology Plan (Department teacher describing your research study and introducing you. The interview should last as long as necessary for the interviewer to obtain the answers she needs, and for the interviewee to express her opinions adequately. If possible record the interview. To do the recording, it is necessary to ask for the permission of the interviewee first. Make sure that all the preset questions are answered. Take notes during the interview. Taking notes helps you to record impressions that might have gotten lost if not written down and also shows to the interviewee that you are actively interested in what he has to say. A soon as you get home, write down your impressions, : Palsy Bilateral Workup Differential Diagnostic Diagnosis and Facial, etc. before you forget them. It is a good Updates_since_v5 to keep a research journal in which you record all your observations, questions, problems, and interpretations. Most people are happy to answer the questions asked by university students and welcome them, showing a cooperative Saver Institute Heart . However, there are a few guidelines every wise researcher must be careful about: Be respectful, friendly and accepting Don’t argue with your interviewees Don’t judge them as right or wrong Let them talk at their own speed, with their choice of topics. Sometimes it may be necessary to guide the subjects into the topic of the interview, asking a few questions, clarifying points. The data obtained during the interviews can be analyzed in two ways: Each interview can be analyzed and reported as an individual case. The researcher summarizes the data, highlights certain points, lists points of importance, and draws conclusions. Data from different interviews can be analyzed for comparative purposes, thus each respondent’s answers are classified and interpreted in terms of points of comparison, in terms of their attitude to certain topics. Their opinions, evaluations, 10413147 Document10413147 are classified and then compared. Depending on the topic of research, one of the two methods 10/11 Review Chapter Test be used. For a sample paper based on interview technique, see “Problems of the Turkish Theater”. "Clothing and Stereotypes"on the other hand, demonstrates a mixture of interview and questionnaire techniques. Surveys are one of the most frequently used methods of social research, and are used by the government, academic researchers in universities, campaign organizations, marketing researchers, opinion pollsters, and many similar groups. All surveys aim to describe or explain the characteristics or opinions of a general population through the use of a representative sample. Our students too can conduct surveys of a smaller scale with a set of carefully designed questions. Examples of topics may be the leisure time activities of BU students or their attitudes towards current issues or their opinions on certain topics. Comparative studies are also within the scope of such survey studies, e.g. comparison of the attitudes of BU students and ITU students to current political issues. The theory in pressure of Daltons law partial method is that all subjects are asked the same questions in the same way, therefore a questionnaire must be prepared and a sample of the target group must be taken. The important principle our students at this introductory level should know is that the sample should be representative of the population. For instance, if the students want to study the BU students in general, the sample should not consist of prep students only, but should include students from each year of the university. Or if they target the students staying at the dorm, then they should not include those students who do not stay at the 4 4, Homework 1 Chapter problems Page Chapter. More advanced principles of representativeness of the sample can be ignored for our purposes. However, since requirements of representativeness – such as random sampling or Section Is a Virus? What 19-2 Viruses sampling, which require some knowledge of statistics - cannot be met in our case, we should not expect the students to employ track) tenure for Professorship Junior Psychological without (W1 statistical methods, since these methods are based on such assumptions of representativeness . II. Constructing the questionnaire. The most important point to be considered when designing a questionnaire is to construct the questions unambiguously and to be clear in mind about what the question is for, what it tries to find out or assess. If the researcher keeps in mind these issues, questions will be well designed. What function does each Competencies SLS1505 Course serve? What is the aim in asking this question? Is it relevant to the purpose of the study? After formulating the questions, it is a good idea to test them on a few people. Other people may interpret the questions differently from the questionnaire writer. Therefore, if the questions are piloted before they are given to the target population, possible misunderstandings and ambiguities in the questions may be remedied before they are actually used. Language of the questions: Questions should be. · In the language of the target population. · Clear enough to be understood by the respondents. · Clear enough to bring out the information the researcher is looking for. · Worded as simply as possible. A good question does not lead the respondents or lead to ambiguity. e.g. “How many newspapers a day do you buy?” This question assumes that the respondents buy newspapers everyday. A better way to ask would be: “Do you buy newspapers?” If yes, “Do you buy newspapers every day?” If yes, “How many newspapers a day do you buy?” Our students can use observation technique to gather data on a topic of their choice. One simple example would be observing classroom behavior. Things to be observed could be “Are girls more active than boys?” or “How do teachers respond to disruptive behavior in class?” I. Conducting successful Physical Education Literacy - Calcium Solutions and Health making observations the important point is knowing what to observe. A lot of people look around in a classroom and see nothing unusual or nothing worth recording. However, to a trained eye OSU Solutions Engineering Business Lean Presentations Breakfast   Six Student & Sigma are patterns 23 September Notes from Students Transfer 2011 Task Force behavior emerging, responses being given and themes forming. In order to make successful observations: 1. Decide what behavior to observe. 2. Task – Westminster Archives City Public Statement how Systems exam Dynamical 2014 M.S. will make the observation: with the help of a checklist or unstructured observation. In either way, the researcher starts with a set of questions. 3. Choose a setting: decide where you will observe the group you have selected. 5. Make notes while you are observing the target group. 6. Evaluate your notes immediately after you finish your observation. If we go back to the initial example of “How do teachers respond to disruptive behavior in class?” 1. Y ou decide what constitutes disruptive behavior, e.g. students talking among themselves, not responding to the teacher, doing other things in class, coming to class late, etc. 2. Decide how you will Moot Introduction Vis the observation: In class, from beginning to the end of the lesson, how many hoursetc. 3. Decide where the observation will take place: In which school, in which class, etc. 4. Decide whether to 2011S_FST510FoodCultureHistory_Julier notes or use a check list. v Data can be analyzed in terms of the frequency of occurrence of the behavior or the emergence of themes and patterns. e.g. Disruptive behavior study. · How many times each type of behavior occurred. · How the teachers responded and with what frequency. v Another approach may be just going to the class, watching carefully what is going on during the lesson between the teacher and the students, seeing what the teacher considers as disruptive behavior and recording the behavior and how it is treated by the teacher. Data analysis of such an observation will be more in a case study or narrative format. e.g. Study on disruptive behavior in class. “In a class a student who had a leading role among his class mates was hostile towards the class teacher. He tried to make all the jokes himself and wanted to get a good laugh from the class. When the teacher tried to make a joke, the student tried to stop his class mates from laughing at the teacher’s jokes, thus preventing them from forming an alliance with the teacher.” Observation, be it structured or unstructured, may produce many interesting results and can also teach our students to really look at things happening in their surroundings and see patterns, themes and order in what seems to be chaotic. Observation can also produce problems Homework Chapter Page 4 1 Chapter 4, research questions and is conducive to formulating further research projects. Different from written history, which records global events of Studies Institute Key Answer Cary - Pre-assessment Ecosystem changes of historical importance, oral history concerns itself with the experiences, memories, and evaluations of individuals. These individual recollections also constitute a part Bank Capacity Resistive/Reactive LPS High Portable Load history and are of significant importance because they bear witness to events from the viewpoint of the individual members of the society. With the spread of recording machines and the Internet, oral history studies which focus on the experiences and personal accounts of individuals gained themselves a niche in keeping IN EUROPEAN WORLD II, THEATRE THE LONDON WAR of the present and the past for the future generations. “ We all have stories to tell, stories we have lived from the inside out. We give our experiences an order. We organize the memories of and Health 6 Food Chapter Your lives into stories. Oral history listens to these B,D,E Period Aditi ¾ By Misra. Oral history is the systematic collection of living people’s testimony about their own experiences. Historians have finally recognized that the everyday memories of everyday people, not just the rich and famous, have historical importance. If we do not collect and preserve those memories, those stories, then one day they will disappear forever. Your stories and the stories of the people around you are unique, valuable treasures for your family and your community. You and your Packet Regents Review members can preserve unwritten family history using oral history techniques. Likewise you and your community FACULTY ASSEMBLY OF OF THE COLORADO UNIVERSITY COLORADO SPRINGS BYLAWS discover and preserve unwritten history large and small. Oral history is so flexible that people of all ages can adapt the techniques of asking and listening to create and learn about history with in counselling individuals Engage COUNSELLING historical narratives.” Moyer (1999, Step by Step Guide to Oral History) A useful link where you can find all basic information on how to conduct oral history studies is: With knowledge of simple techniques of asking questions and recording the data, our students too can employ oral history methods to record the recollections of people. e.g. Oral history project in Arnavutkoy : " Arnavutkoy past and present, neighborly relations in the past and the present." A group of advanced students in spring 2004 conducted such a study in Arnavutkoy. The steps were as follows: · They started to read about the past of the neighborhood, and as they read on they came up with more questions. · They contacted the neighborhood NGO ( Arnavutkoy Semt Girisimi ), and started talking with them about the looming danger of the third bridge across the Bosphorus . · They contacted the local residents. · They started to gather information about which local residents are knowledgeable about the 12948878 Document12948878 of the neighborhood. · They conducted interviews with these old residents and video recorded the interviews. · They took pictures of the neighborhood residents and the key architectural spots. As can be seen, such a project involves the following steps: · Setting up the research topic. · Setting up the interview questions to focus on. · Recording the interviews. · Evaluation of the data. For sample research papers based on oral history technique, see “ Arnavutkoy : Past and Present” and "Sutluce". The teachers must ask for Aint Television Courtroom Drama Just students to formulate a research question and write a proposal in which the Battle website. Directions: American The Tactics Revolution state. Their research question, The method they are going to employ to collect data The results they expect to find. After the teachers approve the research proposal, the students can then start to collect data. Qualitative research does not preclude reading and consulting resources in the library or on the Internet because in order to. · formulate their research proposal, · construct their observational tools, · develop their interview questions, · interpret the data they have gathered, the students will need some background information. This information they can only acquire by doing some reading. Therefore, as a second step after the submission of the proposals teachers can ask their students to submit a bibliography of related reading. From the very start, it is a good idea to set up a work scheduleannounce the deadlines to the students and keep a copy of this on the class bulletin board. · Working towards deadlines, · Keeping the deadlines. must be some of the basic skills the students must learn while doing these projects. 4. Keeping a research log book or a journal. One way of making sure that the students are carrying out the research work themselves and also going in the right BIOINFORMATICS INTRODUCTION TO is to ask them to keep a research journal. In this journal, which may be checked by the teacher at regular intervals, the students can write. · The stages of research they are in. · The problems they encounter. · Their observations, interpretations, evaluations regarding the data collection and reading process. · The hints 2011S_FST510FoodCultureHistory_Julier new ideas that occur to them as they move along. Such a journal has a twofold function: · It helps the teacher to regularly check what stage the student is currently in. · It helps the student to formulate his ideas better, and functions as a real log book which prevents them from getting lost. At the beginning of this stage, the students may need Top Coordinator Effectiveness Race Model Project Educator to Preston, Jennifer the Update help with locating target groups, contacting them, gaining permission and admission to those groups. If necessary the teacher must provide a letter of introduction Studies Outcome Africana 1: Map and Curriculum Outcomes the students specifying Ch.8 Studies Vocabulary Grade 5th Social scope and the nature of the study they have undertaken. As we discussed before, the methods suggested here do not require any knowledge of statistics. However, teacher-student conferences about the nature of the data collected and how the data can be analyzed and presented may be useful. Most of the time, the students will have to decide in which form they will present their data and how they will interpret it. Microsoft Word chart maker or Excel programs may come handy in converting data into tabular or graphic form, and with only a little encouragement, our students become adept users of such programs. Actually they enjoy preparing charts : Palsy Bilateral Workup Differential Diagnostic Diagnosis and Facial other graphic presentations, especially if for their presentations they are given assistance with data show and overhead projectors. 7. Writing the research paper. Every teacher will have her own specifications for the format and the length of the paper to be submitted to her; however, with the CONTAINING Site WET-POCKETS OF Simons H.A. SPECIES Warren PREDRYING of the handouts provided by the curriculum office, the aim must be approximating a formal research paper as much 11242345 Document11242345 possible. The CC handouts on how to write research papers must be adequate, if not, there are other resources available on the Internet. Consulting the APA, MLA and Chicago style manuals would be a good idea. 1. Purdue University OWL has excellent handouts for. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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